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The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Historical Perspective
Gefen Publishing House
Crucial to understanding the situation in the Middle East is a grasp of the nature of the conflict, as well as its historical roots. The Indictment shows how the Arab war against Israel has taken shape as an expertly waged propaganda war, and how latent anti-Semitism contributes to the world's acceptance of thinly veiled lies. Drawing on documented events and news sources, Auschwitz-survivor Sabina Citron takes a fearless look at the roots of Christian anti-Semitism and how it creates a receptive audience for the Arab propaganda war on Israel.
About the Author Sabina Citron was born in 1928 in Lodz, Poland, from where she escaped with her family after the outbreak of World War II, later enduring forced labor in an ammunition factory. Citron and her mother were separated from her father and both her brothers in Auschwitz during selection. Although her immediate family members survived except for her eldest brother, almost all her extended family perished at the hands of the Nazis. In 1948, Citron immigrated to Israel, later moving to Toronto, Canada. Citron has dedicated her life's work to bringing to justice Nazi war criminals, personally charging major Nazi propagandist E. Zundel with incitement to hatred against the Jewish people, in addition to winning a civil law suit against Nazi war criminal I. Finta. She now resides in Jerusalem.
Appendices From The Inictment
Appendix 1 Preamble to the League of Nations Mandate for Palestine, July 24, 1922
The Council of the League of Nations:
Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have agreed, for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of Article 22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, to entrust to a Mandatory selected by the said Powers the administration of the territory of Palestine, which formerly belonged to the Turkish Empire, within such boundaries as may be fixed by them; and Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have also agreed that the Mandatory should be responsible for putting into effect the declaration originally made on November 2nd, 1917, by the Government of His Britannic Majesty, and adopted by the said Powers, in favor of the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing should be done which might prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country; and
Whereas recognition has thereby been given to the historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine and to the grounds for reconstituting their national home in the country; and
Whereas the Principal Allied Powers have selected his Britannic Majesty as
the Mandatory for Palestine; and Whereas the mandate in respect of Palestine has been formulated in the following terms and submitted to the Council of the League for approval; and
Whereas his Britannic Majesty has accepted the mandate in respect of Palestine and undertaken to exercise it on behalf of the League of Nations in conformity with the following provisions; and
Whereas by the afore-mentioned Article 22 (paragraph 8), it is provided that the degree of authority, control or administration to be exercised by the Mandatory, not having been previously agreed upon by the Members of the League, shall be explicitly defined by the Council of the League of Nations.
Appendix 9 UN Security Council Resolution 242,
November 22, 1967
Following the June ‘67, Six-Day War, the situation in the Middle East was discussed by the UN General Assembly, which referred the issue to the Security Council. After lengthy discussion, a final draft for a Security Council resolution was presented by the British Ambassador, Lord Caradon, on November 22, 1967. It was adopted on the same day.
This resolution, numbered 242, established provisions and principles which, it was hoped, would lead to a solution of the conflict. Resolution 242 was to become the cornerstone of Middle East diplomatic efforts in the coming decades..
The Security Council, Expressing its continuing concern with the grave situation in the Middle East, Emphasizing the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in which every State in the area can live in security, Emphasizing further that all Member States in their acceptance of the Charter of the United Nations have undertaken a commitment to act in accordance with Article 2 of the Charter,
1. Affirms that the fulfillment of Charter principles requires the establishment of a just and lasting peace in the Middle East which should include the application of both the following principles: i Withdrawal of Israeli armed forces from territories occupied in the recent conflict; ii Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence of every State in the area and their right to live in peace within secure and recognized boundaries free from threats or acts of force;
2. Affirms further the necessity (a) For guaranteeing freedom of navigation through international waterways in the area; (b) For achieving a just settlement of the refugee problem; (c) For guaranteeing the territorial inviolability and political independence of every State in the area, through measures including the establishment of demilitarized zones; 3. Requests the Secretary-General to designate a Special Representative to proceed to the Middle East to establish and maintain contacts with the States concerned in order to promote agreement and assist efforts to achieve a peaceful and accepted settlement in accordance with the provisions and principles in this resolution; 4. Requests the Secretary-General to report to the Security Council on the progress of the efforts of the Special Representative as soon as possible. Adopted unanimously at the 1382nd meeting.
An important work that combines stark historical fact and the personal experience of the writer. The author's dedication to sequence and detail have created a forceful document for truth - an expose' of the deep roots of anti-Semitism and its connection to the present day global assault on world Jewry and Israel by Islamicists.
In obvious conclusions to her presentation the author challenges us to assume responsibility for our own destiny rather than rely upon often fleeting 'friendships'. Her expression of faith and hope should be ours.
Chana Givon, Co-chair in Israel of the Unity Coalition for Israel of the Knesset Christian Allies Caucus November, 2006
“The trouble with history,” a crackerbarrel philosopher once noted, “is that it gets old in a hurry, falling from our forward vision into the peripheral, then tumbling to the rearview mirror with astonishing swiftness until it fades into a tiny speck, fighting for space on the limited chip of memory.
Had the author of those words been privileged to review The Indictment, he might have inserted a footnote to his observation reading: “But not for Sabina Citron.” “Forward vision” has informed everything she’s thought and done since as an intrepid 14 year-old she challenged the infamous “Selektion” process at Auschwitz and saved her mother from its death chamber. “You can shoot me right here!” she declared to the Nazi officer about to separate the two – she for slave labor, her mother for liquidation -- “but I won’t go without my mother.” Before 300 dumbstruck witnesses on the Appleplatz, the Nazi officer stared murderously down at the teenager, but instead of reaching for his gun, he turned and walked away.
The indictment, however, is not another Holocaust memoir, nor even a detailed account of Mrs. Citron’s tireless but only sporadically successful efforts as part of a group that attempted to pressure the largely indifferent prosecutorial powers in her post-war Canada domicile to exact justice against the Nazis secreted in its midst. Rather the book, all 378 pages of its meticulous documentation and scalpel-edged prose, is a modern day J’Accuse, laying bare with uncommon passion and wit the whole panoply of lies, distortions, slanders and illusions that has shaped the public’s conception of Jewish history and the 58 year long Arab-Israeli conflict. It renders to Jewish historical truth the ‘day in court’ it has so long been denied.
The Indictment spares no one. Far from a one-dimensional anti-Arab polemic, the British, the Europeans, the United Nations, the United States all fall within the circumference of its blade. “British perfidy knew no bounds,” Citron avers of Whitehall’s behavior as the Mandatory power in Palestine and subsequently toward Israel. “I believe that most Jews from Europe could have been saved had the British lived up to their solemn undertaking to restore the Jewish people to their land. The League of Nations Mandate provided for just that. It included no provision to create an Arab state in Palestine.” She sees little that has changed in Britain’s perception of Israel’s place among the nations in the ensuing 58 years. “What we are witnessing today,” she writes, “is still the same offensive, high handed, ‘high minded’ disapproval of all we do, all we are, even in our own land.” The repartition of Israel,. she charges, is “Tony Blair’s price for Britain’s alliance with the U.S. against Iraq.”
For a United Nations dominated by a Third World, anti-Israel “automatic majority” led by the Arab/Muslim block -- “a tyranny of the majority by a majority of tyrannies” – Citron can find only contempt. “The Arabs/Muslims could introduce a ‘flat earth’ resolution at the UN and it would pass,” she asserts. The Europeans would likely abstain.
The author could hardly have abstained from comment on Europe’s growing alienation from Israel and its rising tide of anti-Semitism. Noting that 59 percent of Europeans regard Israel as “the greatest threat to world peace,” she accuses the European Community of playing a “dangerous game” in serving as “an incubator of Arab-Islamic extremism, playing along with the terrorists, hoping to be spared.” It is a “pathology,” she adds, “that will cost it dearly.” The Europe that shed buckets of crocodile tears at the 2005 Holocaust memorial, the Europe she charges with having signed a 1973 pact with the Arab oil producing states guaranteeing the EC (then known as the EEC) unimpeded oil supplies in exchange for its collaboration against Israel, is the same Europe currently denying El Al cargo planes bearing materiel vital to Israel’s defense refueling rights at its airports.
While in no way denying the critical importance of Israel’s ties to the U.S., Citron was not about to pass over the pockmarks in that relationship. America may be Israel’s best friend, but is it in America’s interest to treat Israel as a “vassal?” she asks. “Is the U.S. willing to sacrifice Israel on the altar of realpolitik?” Recalling President George W. Bush’s inscription of the words “Never Again” at Auschwitz, the author wonders “what right does Mr. Bush or the U.S. government have to pledge our land to a terrorist entity? Or any entity for that matter?... No country in the world,” she informs, responding to Bush’s ardent support of the “two-state solution” demanded by the Road Map, “was ever asked to create a new state for its enemies or help build for them a ‘thriving economy’ “ She labels the U.S. President’s demand for a “contiguous” Palestinian territory between Gaza and Judea and Samaria “a sure recipe for disaster for Israel…”
In stark contrast to the sacrifice demanded of Israel, the author observes,. was the frantic rush to Turkey by U.S, Secretary of State Condoleeza Rice in the midst of the Iraqi insurgency to “reassure” the Turks that the U.S. would never countenance the creation of an independent Kurdistan on its borders. Days later she was in Jerusalem insisting that Israel would have to “make hard decisions that must be taken to promote peace…and the emergence of a democratic Palestinian state.” What is sauce for the Israeli goose is obviously unthinkable for the Turkish gander.
That zenith of oxymorons, “a democratic Palestinian state,” finds the author at her unsparing best. “The idea that the lawless hoodlums running amok in Gaza, threatening even each other in total anarchy, are material for a lawful society is not sustained by reality,” she states. Moreover, she adds, the creation of a Palestinian state would do nothing to bring peace to the Middle East. “The Arab-Israeli conflict is not about reasonable agreements with responsible people. It is not even about ‘refugees,’ nor about compromise on land…It is abundantly clear that the Arabs do not want a peace accord with Israel, but rather to dismantle Israel piece by piece…It is about genocide, not peace.'
The Indictment doesn’t pretend to offer any magic solutions to an Arab-Israel conflict predicated on Israel’s disappearance from the map. “Israel’s first obligation” in respect to that impasse,” the author asserts, “is to protect its citizens. Israel is not obliged to facilitate its own destruction.” To a West growing disturbingly accustomed to “ever-mounting atrocities, barbarity and savagery…as moral outrage is evaporating from public discourse,” she warns that unless “moral clarity becomes the order of the day,” it is not only Israel but the entire civilized that will find itself at the barricades.
“I have spent most of my adult life searching for justice with practically nothing to show for it,” Citron reflects sadly near the close of The Indictment. There perhaps she errs. However unfulfilling she may have found that search, it has provided us with a rare and compelling insight into the most critical issue Israel, the Jewish people and the democratic world at large have ever faced. For this alone readers will be grateful to Sabina Citron for having submitted her experiences and thoughts to print.
William Mehlman Israel representative, Americans For A Safe Israel
The Arab - Israeli Conflict had its inception well before the creation of the modern State of Israel, and the ongoing conflict has been fuelled by anti-Semitism, Arab propaganda and disinformation, and by a world body that has been blinded by oil. In The Indictment: The Arab - Israeli Conflict in Historical Perspective, Sabina Citron wades through the towers of disinformation and revisionist history now associated with the conflict and lays forth a clear, passionate, and accurate account of the conflict.
For anyone interested in the Middle East, Islamic Terrorism, or the survival of the State of Israel, this is an invaluable book. Not only does it examine the foundations of the Arab - Israeli conflict and how it has played out over the years, but it also puts these events in a global and historic perspective, showing how Christian anti-Semitism has contributed to the continuation of the conflict. Citron illustrates how the actions of supposedly neutral entities, such as the United Nations, have encouraged the Arabs to keep fighting, even when a peaceful resolution to the conflict might have been achievable. She also shows how the actions, and inactions of some organizations and governments have essentially given the 'green light' to Arabs whose stated goal is the murder of all Jews and the destruction of the State of Israel. For example when Hezbollah terrorist crossed from Lebanon into Israel and kidnapped three Israeli solider in 2000, several UNIFIL (United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon) soldiers not only watched but also filmed the kidnapping. Not only did they do nothing to stop it (in part, it turns out, because some of the UNIFIL soldiers had been bribed), but they never bother to 'tell' the Israelis that it had happened. Worse, when it became well known that they had seen the event, and recorded it, the UN refused to let the Israelis see an uncensored copy of the tape!
Most telling, Citron shows the how the prevalence of anti-Semitism, especially in the 'Christian' West and in Islamic countries, has made for a ready-made audience for Arab propaganda. She shows this is most particularly obvious in a large number of Universities in the West who have advocated boycotts of Israeli products - and academicians.
Citron clearly illustrates how the current theories on the conflict are irrationally skewed against Israel. For example, you can hardly pick up a newspaper or listen to a politician without hearing something along the lines that, 'Islamic terrorism and all the 'problems' in the Middle East could be solved overnight if 'just' the Israelis would just make enough concessions with the Palestinians and agree to a two-state solution.' She then goes on to explain why this 'theory' is horribly flawed, and why the intentions of those that accept it must be questioned. A detailed discussion on whom the Palestinians are (or at least claim to be) and why their claim to a Palestinian homeland is invalid.
The Indictment is a detailed account of the Arab-Israeli conflict, and account that does not pull any punches. Citron, a Holocaust survivor and fervent fighter against Nazi propagandists in Canada, has done an excellent job in organizing, consolidating, and transforming a plethora of information into a handy and readable overview on the Arab-Israeli conflict, and it many facets. The Indictment is an eye-opening book that should be required reading in all University history and political science courses, and it should be read by every politician and 'official' dealing with any aspect of Middle Eastern policy. Authoritative and edifying, the information presented in The Indictment is essential knowledge for anyone who truly wants to understand the foundations, execution, and potential outcomes of this ongoing conflict. For those well versed on this topic, you will find that much of the information presented in this text has been reported on before. However you will find that having it all combined in one text makes this book an ideal reference guide on the subject. In addition, Citron has included some useful appendices to the text, including a copy of the Palestinian National Charter, a copy of the UN Security Council Resolution 242, and several telling maps. The text also includes a bibliography that will be useful to anyone wishing to delve further into this contentious topic.
Anna Dogole The Jewish Eye November 27, 2006
I am currently awaiting graduation at the University of Southern California and I am passionate Israel activist. I plan to pursue a career in diplomatic affairs and counter-terrorism between the US and Israel. I am amidst reading a book published by one of your authors, Sabina Citron, tittle The Indictment and I am absolutely fascinated.
I would love to get a chance to contact Sabina and compliment her on her amazing work. As a young student I feel her inspiring and very factual documentation echo such a sense of truth. I would love to get in touch with her and discuss the topics of this piece.
I hope you may be able to guide me in the right direction to do so.
Thank you so much for your time.
Sincerely, Tamar Salama Los Angeles, CA November, 2006